Quantcast



or
Search Language
Browse
Medical Illustrations
Medical Exhibits
Medical Animations
Medical Animation Titles
Medical Encyclopedia
Custom Interactive
Most Recent Uploads
Body Systems/Regions
Anatomy & Physiology
Cells & Tissues
Abdomen
Back and Spine
Foot and Ankle
Hand and Wrist
Head and Neck
Hip
Knee
Shoulder
Thorax
Medical Specialties
Anesthesiology
Cancer
Cardiology
Dentistry
Emergency Medicine
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases
Neurology/Neurosurgery
Ob/Gyn
Orthopedics
Pathology
Pediatrics
Plastic Surgery
Psychiatry
Radiology
Surgery
Urology/Nephrology
Account
Administrator Login
 
8/11/20
Knee - Chondromalacia with Surgical Repair - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing
 
This image may only be used in support of a single legal proceeding and for no other purpose. Read our License Agreement for details. To license this image for other purposes, click here.
Knee - Chondromalacia with Surgical Repair
More Like ThisAdd To Lightbox exh5252 Enlarge Share
Ready to Purchase?

Large PDF - $359.00 (As-Is)

Order by phone: (800) 338-5954
Item #exh5252Source #4

Knee - Chondromalacia with Surgical Repair - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing
This medical exhibit accurately depicts chondromalacia of the right knee, primarily the articular surface of the patella, with subsequent laser surgery repair. Using a series of five illustrations, the first graphic displays the roughened appearance of the patellar surface with labels indicating Grade I and II (1 and 2) chondromalacia. The remaining illustrations show arthroscopic surgery to shave and smooth the undersurface of the patella.
Chondromalacia (KON-dro-mah-LAY-she-ah), also called chondromalacia patellae, refers to softening of the articular cartilage of the knee cap. This disorder occurs most often in young adults and can be caused by injury, overuse, parts out of alignment, or muscle weakness. Instead of gliding smoothly across the lower end of the thigh bone, the knee cap rubs against it, thereby roughening the cartilage underneath the knee cap. The damage may range from a slightly abnormal surface of the cartilage to a surface that has been worn away to the bone. Chondromalacia related to injury occurs when a blow to the knee cap tears off either a small piece of cartilage or a large fragment containing a piece of bone (osteochondral fracture).

The most frequent symptom is a dull pain around or under the knee cap that worsens when walking down stairs or hills. A person may also feel pain when climbing stairs or when the knee bears weight as it straightens. The disorder is common in runners and is also seen in skiers, cyclists, and soccer players. A patient's description of symptoms and a followup x ray usually help the doctor make a diagnosis. Although arthroscopy can confirm the diagnosis, it's not performed unless the condition requires extensive treatment.

Many doctors recommend that patients with chondromalacia perform low-impact exercises that strengthen muscles, particularly the inner part of the quadriceps, without injuring joints. Swimming, riding a stationary bicycle, and using a cross-country ski machine are acceptable as long as the knee doesn't bend more than 90 degrees. Electrical stimulation may also be used to strengthen the muscles. If these treatments don't improve the condition, the doctor may perform arthroscopic surgery to smooth the surface of the cartilage and "wash out" the cartilage fragments that cause the joint to catch during bending and straightening. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the angle of the knee cap and relieve friction with the cartilage or to reposition parts that are out of alignment.

Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin
Diseases, U.S. National Institutes of Health

YOU MAY ALSO WANT TO REVIEW THESE ITEMS:
Ulnar Nerve Entrapment (Cubital Tunnel Syndrome) with Arthroscopic Debridement
Ulnar Nerve Entrapment (Cubital Tunnel Syndrome) with Arthroscopic Debridement - exh5471a
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Chondromalacia
Chondromalacia - si2217
Medical Illustration
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Left Ankle Injuries with Surgical Repairs
Left Ankle Injuries with Surgical Repairs - exh36432
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Surgical Release: Right Hand
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Surgical Release: Right Hand - exhR0061
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Left Knee Chondromalacia with Subsequent Surgical Repairs
Left Knee Chondromalacia with Subsequent Surgical Repairs - exh39787
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Sectional Knee Joint Model 3-part
Sectional Knee Joint Model 3-part - A89
Anatomical Model
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
What attorneys say about MLA and The Doe Report:
"Thanks, and your illustrations were effective in a $3 million dollar verdict last Friday."

Joseph M. Prodor
Trial Lawyer
White Rock, British Columbia
"We are extremely pleased with the quality of the medical exhibits and the timely manner in which they were provided. I will certainly recommend your company to my business associates who could benefit from your services. Please tell Brian Wilson [Director of Content Development, Senior Medical Illustrator] that he did an exceptional job on these exhibits."

K. Henderson
Dunaway and Associates
Anderson, SC

"Your firm is great to work with and, most importantly for me, you get the job done on time and with the utmost professionalism. You should be proud of all those you employ, from KJ to Ben B. I've been especially pleased over the years with the work of Brian and Alice, both of whom seem to tolerate my idiosycratic compulsion to edit, but I've not found a bad apple in the bunch (and, as you know, I've used your firm a bunch!). I look forward to our continued professional relationship."

Kenneth J. Allen
Kenneth Allen & Associates
Valparaiso, IN

"This past year, your company prepared three medical illustrations for our cases; two in which we received six figure awards; one in which we received a substantial seven figure award. I believe in large part, the amounts obtained were due to the vivid illustrations of my clients' injuries and the impact on the finder of fact."

Donald W. Marcari
Marcari Russotto & Spencer, P.C.
Chesapeake, VA

Medical Legal Blog |Find a Lawyer | Hospital Marketing